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Polyps are small, grape-like protrusions or tissues that grow on the lining of the uterus (endometrium).
As they grow, they become fragile and bleed. Polyps are a common cause of heavy periods and irregular bleeding between normal periods. They may interfere with conception, causing difficulty in falling pregnant and fertility issues. They also cause abnormal bleeding after menopause. However, some women with polyps may have no symptoms.
In general, polyps in the uterus are benign (non-cancerous). However, once polyps are found, removal is usually recommended. The removed polyps are sent for pathology to rule out cancer.
Polyps are removed with an endoscopic procedure called hysteroscopic polypectomy. A fine, slender camera is used to look inside of uterus and remove the polyp. The procedure can be done in an outpatient setting, although it is more commonly done as a day-surgery inside a proper operation theatre with patient being put to sleep (general anaesthesia).
Polyps are a common condition and the vast majority of them are non-cancerous. Pathology examination of the removed polyp is an important test to rule out cancer. In the rare and unfortunate case of cancerous changes, further treatment like a hysterectomy will be arranged with an expert team.
31 Bertram Street
Chatswood NSW 2067
1300 885 803
02 9475 0028
Dr. Sarah Choi